Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Trees in Ontario: Including tall shrubs. The Eastern Flowering Dogwood generally grows in the understory or on the edges of mid-age to mature, deciduous or mixed forests. May reach 40 ft. high and wide, but 20–30 ft. more common. ), ash (Fraxinus spp.) Also known as great-flowered dogwood, arrow-wood, common dogwood. Photo by Chris Earley. Photo by Sean Fox. This recovery strategy will benefit the environment by encouraging the recovery of the Eastern Flowering Dogwood and the Carolinian forest communities in which it occurs. 2009. Based on the following four criteria outlined by the draft SARA Policies (Government of Canada 2009), there are unknowns regarding the feasibility of recovery of the Eastern Flowering Dogwood. Due to the Eastern Flowering Dogwood’s naturally limited distribution in Canada, it will likely always be vulnerable to anthropogenic and natural stressors. Species at Risk Act Policy and Guidelines Series. Version 7.1. Bark of the Eastern Flowering Dogwood is rough and divided into quadrangular plates. Destruction would result if part of the critical habitat were degraded, either permanently or temporarily, such that it would not serve its function when needed by the species. Species that are considered facultative upland species can live in both non-wetland and wetland environments. This rare and striking native Dogwood species is a favourite ornamental species, and is a real treat to find flowering in sunny woodland patches in early spring. Hibben, K.O. The Eastern Flowering Dogwood is a small tree with a layered branching pattern and simple, opposite leaves. McLean, T.L. In accordance with the population and distribution objectives, critical habitat is not identified for cultivars of Eastern Flowering Dogwoods planted within horticultural settings. Activities that are likely to result in the destruction of critical habitat include, but are not limited to: Activities that compact the soil and/or cause soil erosion (e.g., use of off-trail vehicles [ATVs] or heavy machinery) resulting in alteration of the biophysical conditions required for germination, establishment and growth of the Eastern Flowering Dogwood; Activities that remove the vegetation component of critical habitat, such as clear-cut forest harvesting, spraying of herbicides and conversion to other land-uses, resulting in alteration of the biophysical conditions required for survival and reproduction of the Eastern Flowering Dogwood; Activities that alter the hydrology or moisture levels of the ground (e.g., ditching or tiling to alter drainage, construction of water control structures) resulting in ground that is too wet or too dry to be suitable for establishment and growth of the Eastern Flowering Dogwood. Ecological Applications 17: 869-881. Edmonton. The maintenance of open conditions within forested settings may not benefit shade-tolerant and/or forest interior species. However, a recommendation to the Minister of Natural Resources on the area that should be considered in developing a habitat regulation is provided in the Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in Ontario. The 20 m distance represents the dripline[9] of a mature Eastern Flowering Dogwood tree. Noteworthy Characteristics. In cases where the aforementioned criteria are met, determination of restoration success and viability – as measured through plant vigour and fitness, successful sexual reproduction and level of disease tolerance – will precede identification of critical habitat at restoration sites. Flowering and Fruiting- Flowering dogwood has many crowded, small, yellowish perfect flowers, borne in terminal clusters in the spring before the leaves appear, and surrounded by four snow-white, petal-like bracts. Lee, H., W. Bakowsky, J. Riley, J. Bowles, M. Puddister, P. Uhlig, and S. McMurray. -hickory (Carya spp.) Conserve existing populations, reduce the rate of decline and, if biologically and technically feasible, restore populations across its range in Canada. Farrar, J.L.. 1995. The bark of larger trees is brownish-grey and separated into scales, giving it the appearance of alligator skin. College Ave East Such vegetation types include successional meadows and thickets containing young oak (Quercus spp. In addition, invasive species can increase shading at Eastern Flowering Dogwood sites, potentially increasing the severity of dogwood anthracnose fungal infections. This species is generally found in the drier areas of its habitat, although it is occasionally found in slightly moist environments. National Wetland Inventory, U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, St. Petersburg, Florida. 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