It is almost exclusively quartersawn, which displays its dramatic flecking in leopard-spot-like patterns (thus, the name). Sapwood is lighter and pale, but not always easily discerned from pale-colored heartwood. Grains can be straight, but are more typically interlocked. It is renowned for its strength and durability. Its golden to medium brown color, course texture and interlocked grains give it an appearance very similar to that of Teak; although it is significantly less dense, it has been utilized in Africa in many of the same functions / duties that Teak has in other parts of the world. That’s because it mostly grows in India and it’s extremely hard to get ... 2. There are many types of mahogany out there, but quality exotic mahogany is hard to beat. The wood’s aesthetics can vary greatly, as Anegre is comprised of three separate Pouteria-genus species. Chechen can be visually stunning — with green, red, orange and gold hues (and brown & black lines) adorning its luxurious medium-brown bases, and occasional figuring which can range from subtle to quite dramatic. While being considered a strong, durable wood, Wenge’s course, rugged texture makes it very splintery — making some craftsmen hesitant to use it. Its straight grains and medium texture give comparable working and steam-bending properties to its American first cousin; it machines, turns, glues and finishes with ease. Wood Types. Its modest price tag makes it an inviting choice, although highly-figured (such as waterfall and pommele) pieces can sometimes command very high prices. Its signature jet black heartwood (which can sometimes contain streaks of browns, golden browns and even greys), combined with its great strength, durability and density, gives it universal appeal with instrument craftsmen. Teak has always done well in aquatic environments — used in boats and ships, as well as docks, bridges and marinas — as it is resistant to shipworm: a wood-boring sea mollusk. Comments: The wood is moderately durable, but offers little resistance to insect attack; it is best utilized in indoor applications. Prices for it are significantly less than its genuine counterpart; with the current export restrictions being imposed on mahoganies in Central America, Sapele (despite being exported from Africa) has become much easier to source. It has also been misidentified as also originating from the Dalbergia Frutescens tree by many sources / authorities, after originally being miscategorized as a non-Dalbergia (“Physocalymma Scaberrima”). Note: All plank prices in the table below have been experimentally proven by use of a perfect 1x1 auto-chopper. Boire is known throughout Africa to be a tough, durable wood, despite a Maple-like density. *Due to cites restrictions, we are unable to ship Kingwood internationally. Coronavirus Update (7/22/2020) → Over the last year, we’ve seen supplies in the US dip — leading to price increases on the wholsale and retail level, and causing some sources to speculate that Bubinga could possibly be drawing the attention of CITES and / or the IUCN in the very near future. Red Alder Wood: Red Alder tends to be a light tan to reddish-brown; color darkens and reddens with age. When resawing a board with a dull saw blade, it hardness can cause the wood and blade to overheat, producing a black, tar-like resin which requires some very patient sanding to completely remove. Common Uses: Construction, furniture, inlay and other decorative purposes, plywood, paneling, flooring, fence posts, and other outdoor utility uses. This wood is perhaps the most expensive hardwood for furniture in almost all countries. Although it glues, stains and finishes well, its diffult grains and texture makes resawing a difficult chore, with tearout not uncommon. Common Uses: Veneer, flooring, parquee flooring, decking, paneling, musical instruments, furniture, cabinetry, inlay, boatbuilding, carvings, turnings, decorative items and small specialty objects. Premium-quality boards will have long, flowing straight grains, with a ribbon figure and dramatic chatoyance that might be confused for Bloodwood. Common Uses: Archery bows, carvings, inlay and turned objects. Common Uses: Flooring, veneer, furniture, cabinetry, electric and acoustic guitar building, carving, turned objects, electric and acoustic guitar building, and other small wood specialty objects. Large boards are rare and difficult to obtain; trees tend to branch out to great widths, yielding irregular-shaped, trunks, and at full maturity. Grains are typically straight, though sometimes interlocked. Sustainability: This species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Hickory is perhaps best known for its pivotal role in “the great American past-time,” as it remains the primary wood used in the production of baseball bats. Common Uses: Veneer, furniture, inlay, turnings, lutherie. Its colors can range from pale yellowish to orangish-brown wood, to a pale pinkish-brown — sometimes with additional highlight coloration. Although not a true (Swietenia-genus) mahogany, Santos Mahogany exhibits a lot of the same aesthetic characteristics. Comments: Jatoba is an excellent choice where strength, durability and moderate pricing is required. The wood earned its “… Rosewood” nicknames (by which it is commonly known) because its colors and density are similar, which its medium brown base typically augmented by black streaks or grain lines, and sometimes even purple, tan and golden secondary hues, and sometimes a purplish tint, overall. Amazon Rosewood has been considered a good substitute for Brazilian Rosewood though its beautiful appearance and desirability as a tonewood should allow it to stand out in its own right. Its texture is fine and uniform, with a rich natural luster. Nicaraguan Rosewood — also known as Yucatan Rosewood, or Panama Rosewood — is the least dense, hard and heavy of all the Dalbergia species. Its hardness and density are quite moderate for an ebony. Such a vigourous trade resulted from this wood that early sailors and merchants referred to the land itself as Terra do Brasil, or simply, the ?Land of Brazil? The heartwood is pale yellowish brown, and not easy to distinguish from the sapwood; reddish streaks are sometimes present (in the heart). The West Indies, Africa, the Pacific Rim — these are just a few of the far-off locales from which our exotic wood species originate. Comments: Wikipedia had this to say with regard to Dalbergia Cochichinensis:  “Siamese rosewood is denser than water, fine grained, and high in oils and resins. Grains can be straight, wavy or interlocked; its texture ranges from fine to medium, with a nice natural luster. Used as both a Mahogany substitute and an everyday utility carpentry wood throughout its indigenous regions (scattered across Central & South America), Andiroba is generally easy to work, and turns, glues and finishes well. Butternut, pine, oak and other types of wood with large pores are considered to be open- or coarse-grained. The West Indies, Africa, the Pacific Rim — these are just a few of the far-off locales from which our exotic wood species originate. https://www.dummies.com/crafts/types-of-wood-for-woodworking Lumber which originates from the wood’s indigenous natural regions is considered to be significantly more durable and stable than its plantation-grown counterparts. The trees commonly live for hundreds of years, if left undisturbed. After sanding, a deep, very dark chocolate color emerges.). Its grains are typically interlocked (though sometimes straight), making it difficult to work. (Sapwood is ivory- to white-colored, easily distinguished from the heartwood.) Comments: Afrormosia is a very durable wood, and it works well with either hand or machine tools. Spalted Maple doesn’t denote a species, but can be any member of the Acer genus that has black lines and/or streaks in the lumber caused by slight decay and a fungus in the wood. The Five Most Expensive Woods in the World. Comments: Its commonly-seen pertruding roots (humorously known as “knees”) are sometimes harvested for large carvings. Cumaru or Brazilian Teak is golden brown in color. Ziricote is one of the most popular, visually striking exotic woods in the world. With that being said, this is a unique looking wood that is somewhat pink in color, hence its name. Despite its great popularity throughout southern Africa, its sawdust can be quite harmful to the eyes (even being reputed to cause blindness, in extreme cases of repeated exposure). It has a fine, smooth texture, and is regarded as moderately durable. It works, turns, glues and finishes well, as would be expected with a wood of its moderate density. When sanded and finish-sanded, boards featuring somewhat larger birdseyes can have an almost 3D look — like brown bumps, sitting up on a light golden surface. Sometimes the heartwood base can be a bright but muted orange with pieces grown south of Mexico. Lumber is also commonly utilized in Europe for architectural millwork, where the more white-colored boards are frequently used and highly coveted. (… as well as finishing, if filling all surface pores is requisite.) Grains are typically straight, though they can occasionally be wavy or interlocked. It is the harvested tree’s bark which is poisonous to the touch (essentially, in the same way as Poison Ivy); once the lumber has been processed, there are no harmful effects from handling the resawn boards. Pink Ivory also called Red Ivory is a rare African wood. It is medium to dark, reddish brown in color. The scientific explanation is that the impregnated Ambrosia Beetle burrows into the maple tree (presumably for a safe place to deposit larvae), carrying fungi on its feet into the wood — which serves as food for the insect’s offspring, when they hatch. Its heartwood is a robust medium to dark brown (sometimes with a reddish tint), and is known to darken with age; sapwood is pale yellow. Its grains are typically straight, and its coarse texture has drawn comparisons to that of Oak. Honduran Mahogany is just as commonly known as “Genuine Mahogany”. This is a list of most of the special materials in the official d20 book. In optimal conditions, trees can grow to be very large — yielding long, wide boards. Also akin to its American counterpart, European Beech wood is non-durable and unstable to the point of commonly experiencing movement in service. TYPES OF WOOD WE CARRY We sell live edge wood slabs, domestic hardwood lumber, quarter/rift sawn lumber, figured lumber, and exotic wood. It remains one of the most coveted and sought-after of all figured maple varieties. Its grains are generally straight (though sometimes wavy or irregular) and are accenuated by overlapping black lines which typically decorate the board’s surface. Its great durability, impressive strength, stiffness and hardness, generally cooperative working properties (although it can be difficult to glue, due to a high natural oil content), large tree sizes — which yield sizable boards — and regular supply, are factors which contribute to making Goncalo Alves a very popular choice among Central & South American woods made available to domestic markets in the US. Although it has traditionally been used as an ornamental or accent wood, it has enjoyed a recent surge of popularity among turners for its fine aesthetic and turning properties. Since the beginnin of mass commercial production of the electric guitar, in the early 1950’s, Hard Maple has remained a pivotal lumber in the industry. Have you ever wondered why there’s so much difference in pricing when it comes to furniture that’s made from different woods? Comments: Katalox is one of the most dense woods in the world. The fact that the wood is considerably easier to work, with less tearout, than African Mahogany and possesses a hardness that places Sipo between it (African Mahogany) and Genuine Mahogany has seen it transcend from relative obscurity to become a quite popular and highly regarded “mahogany substitute” wood, presently. Comments: If someone in the US were to take possession of this wood and resell it as Wenge, it certainly wouldn’t be the first time. Birch, Masur. The wood has a high natural oil content, which can make it difficult to glue but gives it a beautiful luster and renders an excellent finish. East Indian (or Ceylon Satinwood) Satinwood is a truly exquisite tropical hardwood. 10. Comments: Amazon Rosewood will usually sink in fresh water; Brazilian Rosewood, if properly dried, should float. Frequently used shapes where flowers and birds. Many exotic wood such as satinwood, ebony and tulipwood were used for marquetry. Typically, this wood costs approximately $8 per foot. It works easy, and has aesthetic appeal. Conversely, trees grown in isolated, drier areas, tend to have their growth severely stunted. Common Uses: Veneer, plywood, cabinetry and furniture; in board form it?s used for boatbuilding, general carpentry, and other light construction uses. Limba was used exclusively as a body and neck wood with the introduction of their radical “Flying V” and “Explorer” models. Secondly, the tree is comprised of two entirely different layers: at its core is a soft, spongy cellulose mass; this soft core is surrounded by a protective body, comprised of dense, overlapping layers of interwoven fibrovascular strands. With colors ranging from its typically golden brown base, to its dark brown- and black-striped accents, the surface of Bocote is perhaps best known for the many tiny “eyes” adorning the grain patterns of the highly-decorated, more visually stunning examples of the species. Its sap can be difficult to differentiate from the heartwood. Common Uses: Veneer, cabinetry, furniture, millwork, and plywood. Comments: The tree is known for its toxic milky latex, that exudes from all parts of it. Its grains are more likely to be wavy or irregular than straight, with a fine texture and nice natural luster. Specimens have been documented to reach ages of more 450 years old; while one, still living (in Basking Ridge, NJ), estimated to be over 600 years old. While some have claimed to have adverse reactions from working with it, those who work with it on a regular basis state that the opposite is true. Despite its relatively light dried weight (31 lbs/ft3 / 495 kg/m3), once dry it is considered to be dimensionally stable, with excellent durability and easy working properties. Its grains are typically interlocked and its texture is coarse. Snakewood stands out as one of the most aesthetically unique exotic woods in the world. This is another type of wood that is used for fine furniture as well as other types of high-quality gifts. Its impressive strength, hardness and moderate price have made it a popular choice with furniture builders and cabinet makers. Comments: For more than a century, Hard Maple has remained the preferred choice for commercial flooring in the US for applications — such as gymnasiums, bowling alleys, dance halls and any more — where light-color, strength and toughness are requisite qualities. Despite being indigenous to Southern Africa, the wood is rare throughout its home continent. (One of Ipe’s “trade names” in the flooring industry is “Brazilian Walnut,” though it has no relation to its Juglans-genus namesake.) Found in the Mediterranean Basin — from Portugal to the Levant, and the Arabian Peninsula — and Southern Asia, as far east as China, the Olive tree grows as a small evergreen tree or shrub. In many cases, it also makes the furniture far more durable. This difference depends on the species and soil conditions. Leopardwood is so named for the tightly-grouped flecks which cover its surface. It is considered to be one of the most dense, stable and durable of all rosewoods. We find this dust to be no more “toxic” than any other true Dalbergia rosewood, with such affects being attributable more to the sheer mass of dust created than anything unusually threatening about the dust’s chemical makeup. Most all of the major US flooring websites that offer this wood share the exact same descriptions and specs, obviously copied one from another. ), African Blackwood is a consistent favorite with acoustic guitar luthiers, wood turners, carvers and fine furniture craftsmen, alike; it remains one of the world’s most coveted musical woods. Despite the difficulties it poses with planing and resawing, Argentinian Lignum is a great wood for any outdoor applications: it is virtually rot-proof, and insect-proof. The wood has a beautiful banded figure and a satin-like lustre, with an oily surface. Recutting boards will speed up the drying process, of course, but attentive care must be taken to prevent warpage of the cut pieces. Common Uses: Flooring, decking, exterior lumber, veneer, tool handles, and other turned objects. That said, given the recent poaching epidemic taking place in Mexico over the last several years, this status — as well as other Mexican woods, such as Bocote, Camatillo and Katalox — could be changing in the very near future. This very tough wood has an excellent strength-to-weight ratio. Like many such woods, it can become discolored when left in contact with iron and other metals. Common Uses: High-end furniture, veneer, musical instruments (in particular, guitars), skis, handles, and turned objects. Sustainability: Listed in CITES Appendix II, and listed as “Endangered” on the IUCN Red List. Within minutes, these colors quickly change into a variety of different purple hues (depending upon species, growth environment, etc. This wood is considered to be one of the most cooperative, user-friendly hardwoods is the world, although it can sometimes be resistant to absorbing a stain. Heartwood ranges from a light tan to light brown with a reddish tint. Comments: Although not considered endangered, Brazilian Kingwood is an exotic rosewood which has consistently been quite difficult to access in the US in anything other than small craft-sized pieces. Pure sapwood boards that are dense and highly-figured are, without question, the most sought after of curly maples. For being in a moderate price range, this somewhat obscure west African wood should continue to further gravitate into the industry limelight, as luthiers, furniture craftsmen and woodturners, alike, become better acquainted with it. Comments: Trees rarely make it much passed 20 feet in height; trunk diameters max out at only 6 inches in diameter. While it has never been an inexpensive wood, recent revelations of epidemic poaching across Mexico has resulted in a greatly reduced supply and sharp price increases on wholesale and retails levels. Moisture can't wick up its end grain. Its grains are generally straight or irregular, and its texture is fine. It is a rare wood type and it can be found in some African countries like Cameroon. Height: 45 mm / 1.77 inch. Like many other oaks, quartersawn pieces will typically display fleck ray patterns. Amara is known for its deep chocolate browns with pink striping; the difference in its coloration and that of typical Macassar Ebony being attributed to the soil conditions in Indonesia. The wood is popular with carvers who know of it, as its lack of density makes it very easy to work, the wood has excellent dimensional stability and it holds a stain or finish very well. Over time, the wood will darken, rendering an appearance often more like that of Black Walnut than of Teak. Common Uses: Flooring, boatbuilding, walking sticks, handles, construction, exterior utility wood, furniture, and turned objects. Learn how your comment data is processed. Common Uses: Veneer, furniture, cabinetry, musical instruments, boat building, gunstocks, turned objects, and other specialty wood objects. Comments: Pau Ferro / Pau Rosa was originally part of the Swartzia genus. The wood is renowned for its use in fine furniture, cabinetry and musical instruments, although its very cooperative working and finishing characteristics make it popular with turners and carvers, also. Southeast Asia produces some astounding exotics; Macassar Ebony is, most certainly, one of its renowned, trademark species. African Walnut is derived from the Lovoa Trichilioides tree — a monoecious, evergreen that is indigenous to Central and Southern Africa’s tropical regions. Comments: While flatsawing the lumber can yield some quite dramatic aesthetic results, quartersawn lumber provides maximum (and sometimes much needed) stability. It’s able to stand up to a lot of punishment without showing any signs of wear. Comments: For flooring, Pau Marfim is considered superior to either Maple or Birch (commonly used for light-colored wood flooring applications) because of its renowned wear resistance. It remains freely exported from other Latin American countries. The wood itself is extremely hard, and was used by Americans in the 18th and 19th centuries as mine props and railroad ties. Other than the supply issue, a root cause for this is the fact that trees reach full maturity at a height of only 40 to 50 feet, with miniscule trunk diameters of just 1 to 1-1/2 feet. Superb antique wood type letter: I. Coming from South-central United States, Osage Orange’s heartwood begins as a bright yellow, but darkens with age… It has an Argentinian relation, Maclura tinctoria, which comes in larger sizes and with less knots than the US species. Compared with either of its aforementioned Cordia counterparts, Louro Preto is generally pretty tame in its grain patterns (which are usually either straight-grained or somewhat irregular). Lumber orders to Southeast Asia can sometimes take 12 to 18 months or more to fill, ship and receive. Common Uses: Veneer, plywood, turned items, furniture, boatbuilding, electric guitar building, and interior trim. The type of wood you choose determines the beauty and strength of the finished piece. Comments: Despite Redheart’s rather moderate weight, hardness and density, the wood can burn easily when resawn, if blades and cutting tools are not sharp. 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